Flora, Falkland Islands, pale maidens, Falklands national flower


Biogeographically the Falklands is classified as Antarctic Floristic Kingdom. The flora of the Falklands has similarities with that of neighbouring Patagonia in South America.

The Falklands have 363 recorded species of vascular flora. 171 are native and 13 are endemic to the islands. Many can be found on neighboring South America south of latitude 40°S. Due to the climate and persistent wind most plants are low growing and introduced species have mostly remained around settlements where there is shelter. Species occur over a wide range of altitudes and soil types and habitats. Some species are protected by legislation on the 'Falklands Red List'. It is an offence to deliberatly pick, collect, cut, uproot or destroy a protected wild plant.

Protected plants, yellow pale maidenProtected plants

endemic plantsEndemic plants

inland plantsInland plants

grasses rushes fernsGrasses rushes ferns

berried plants, diddle deeBerried plants

Sea cabbageCoastal plants

flowers linkList of Plant Life

Fungi and lichens


Photographic credits: Header: Ali Marlane Marsh, Robert Maddocks
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list of plant life

fungi & lichens