Beach Falkland Islands


The Falkland Islands, made up of East and West and 776 smaller islands, have a coast line estimated at 800 miles (1,300 km). The coast varies from deeply indented sheltered harbours or low-lying gently sloping beaches to long sandy white beaches. On West Falkland dramatic cliffs rise vertically to 213m (700ft) on its west, northwest and southwest aspects.

  • beach-robert-Maddocks
The south west has stacks and bluffs. Much of the lower lands of southern East Falkland have rocky, gently sloping beaches. There are creeks and estuaries on both East and West Falkland, and all around the Falklands there are rocky headlands with low cliffs and boulder beaches. The coasts of the Falklands are surrounded by 'kelp', marine algae ranging from offshore giant kelp Macrocystitis pyrifera and tree kelp Lessonia flavicans in deep waters up to 30m. Kelp is everywhere, it washes ashore when it breaks off and Falklands boulder beaches get littered with it, somtimes forming deep 'banks'. Other beaches are covered in mussel shells. Some beaches however are white sand and in other places there is high shelved rock.

Plants, coastal strandline vegetation, and algae found on Falklands beaches:

sea cabbage Sea cabbage Senecio candidans Common storksbill Erodium cicutarium
thrift Falklands Thrift Armeria macloviana Lesser sea-spurrey Spergularia marina

Birds that might be seen on Falklands beaches:

kelp geese Kelp Goose Chloephaga hybrida falklands flightless steamer duck logger duck Falklands Flightless Steamer Duck Tachyeres brachydactyla
grey duck patagonian crested duck Patagonian Crested Duck Lophonetta s.specularioides black oystercatcher Blackish Oystercatcher Haematopus ater
white rumped sandpiper White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis magellanic oystercatcher Magellanic Oystercatcher Haematopus leucopodus
south american tern South American TernSterna hirundinacea black oystercatcher Blackish Oystercatcher Haematopus ater
white tufted rollands grebe White-tufted Grebe Rollandia rolland snowy sheathbill Snowy Sheathbill Chionis alba
dominican gull Kelp or Dominican Gull Larus dominicanus black crowned night heron quawk Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax cyanocephalus
dolphin gulls Dolphin Gull Larus scoresbii southern house wren, cobbs wren Cobb's Wren (Southern House Wren) Troglodytes aëdon cobbi
black throated finch Black-throated Finch- Melanodera melanodera tussac bird Tussac Bird Cinclodes antarcticus antarcticus

Invertebrates that might be seen on Falklands beaches:

Marine Invertebrates Camel Cricket Parudenus falklandicus

Algae that might be seen on Falklands beaches:

Giant and Basket Kelp Macrocystis pyrifera Durvillaea
Sea Lettuce Ulva sp    

Photographic credits: Robert Maddocks, Sam Dodd
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